If you have periodontal disease you will need more frequent, deeper teeth cleanings. Periodontal disease and gingivitis occur when bacteria from plaque colonize on the gum tissue, either above or below the gum line. These bacterial colonies cause serious inflammation and irritation which in turn produce a chronic inflammatory response in the body. As a result, the body begins to systematically destroy gum and bone tissue, making the teeth shift, become unstable or completely fall off. As the pockets between the teeth and gums become deeper, more bacteria is housed in the mouth and may travel via the bloodstream and infect other parts of your body.
Scaling and root planning will be recommended every 3 – 4 months in order to keep your mouth healthy and halt the progression of gum disease. This involves a thorough cleaning above and below the gum line and into the gum pockets with a scaling tool, which will remove calculus and bacteria. Root planning is the smoothing of the tooth root to eliminate any remaining bacteria.